S&OP is a long term game, if not a never ending continuous improvement game. More than once, I’ve witnessed well working S&OP processes collapse within months after a merger, restructure, leadership change or other significant business changes. The process was working; people rocked up to meetings and had meaningful conversation. Information was on the table, some business decisions were made. Systems were working to support meeting, reports, visibility and communication. Then all of a sudden, people stopped coming to meetings, reports and information stopped flowing, functions and people went back in to their silos. The whole S&OP system collapsed.
The usual S&OP mistake
So what happened? If processes and systems were right, was it about the people? The answer is yes and no. It is not simply because of the ‘people’, but more because there wasn’t a conscience business effort to build an S&OP vision and culture with ‘the people’.
S&OP was done as a layer on the surface of the day to day business. A bit of cream on a cake you can whip of if you don’t want it. Maybe it was a knee-jerk reaction to some customer service problems or some pressure from shareholders on earnings visibility or cash flow accuracy. But the S&OP project was done without a larger long term vision, without a ‘WHY”. S&OP wasn’t entrenched in the business, not part of the DNA or ‘the way we do things around here.’
When you start implementing S&OP, you can’t assume that you have the right company culture to support effective and sustainable S&OP. And without a conscious change effort on top of S&OP, a company culture is not likely to change.
S&OP and company culture
According to Collins and Porras in Build to Last, company culture is created from its core purpose and values. According to Collins and Porras; ‘well defined and truly lived, purpose and values will drive companywide behaviour’. Now we can’t change a company’s purpose, but we can define values and integrate those in S&OP, a recurring cross functional senior management process that is well suited to be a vehicle to integrate new or existing values and behaviours. In this way we can impact the culture as ‘imbedded company behaviours will drive a sustainable company culture, which will last over time’.
My S&OP pulse check indicates that participants in effective S&OP processes, see significant more proof of trust, teamwork, constructive behaviours and understanding of company goals. See below graph.
My S&OP Pulse Check also indicates that the organizational mindset around commitment, pro-activeness, challenge, confidence and emotional control impact effective S&OP, as can be seen in below graph.
Based on this knowledge, and the vision framework from Collins and Porras, I now provide workshops to define an S&OP vision that includes the building of a winning organizational mindset. However, for you to get started, what follows are seven steps to start building your sustainable S&OP culture.
1. Have a dedicated S&OP manager
Sounds almost too obvious? Well I’ve seen many large multinationals putting a person without previous S&OP or even planning experience in a senior S&OP role. Something these businesses would never do for roles in marketing, sales or operations. The S&OP process manager needs to be experienced in planning across sales, marketing, supply chain, operations and finance and needs to have a natural tendency to cross silos and operate in these functional areas to build bridges and solve issues. He or she needs to have a long term vision and a passion to create an S&OP vision and culture that goes deeper than running meetings, crunching some numbers and provide reports. Ideally the S&OP manager has therefor some strategy and coaching skills.
2. Align company values and S&OP behaviours
Most companies have a set of values and preferred behaviours which guide them in everyday business and decision making. If these values are really lived and not only written in the glossy brochure, it is the basis of a company culture.
A lot of company values like creating trust, passion, ambition, collaboration and accountability are very supportive for a sustainable S&OP environment. Highlight those values and define planning behaviours to integrate into S&OP meetings, documentation and decision making. Below is an example on how I mapped existing values with new planning behaviours in my career.
3. Have value and behaviour conversations
If a company has a set of values and preferred S&OP behaviours they think are effective, they also need to hold people accountable to live those values. Why otherwise defining them in the first place? This can mean that meeting participant share feedback after an S&OP meeting if values and behaviours were lived well. Even when discussions are heated, values need to be lived.
If it is too confronting or culturally not feasible to start this in public it can be done through a written 360 degrees feedback form. A passionate and capable S&OP manager can lead this feedback conversation and will not be afraid to hold the most senior leaders to account to participate.
Preferred company and S&OP behaviours also can be added to induction materials, job descriptions and made part of the interview process. Performance reviews need to be done based on results and the behaviours used to achieve those results. And people people need to be held to account. Below schedule can be used for this.
4. Play a game, cross a silo
Everybody is most comfortable in their own functional silo. Crossing a silo comfortably and operate in another functional area is not part of everybody’s capability. And crossing silos will not just happen because of external motivators, aligned KPI’s, or senior leaders. Some people cross silos by nature, some will do it with help of external motivators, some with training or coaching and some just will never do it.
Cross functional conflict is often based on a lack of knowledge on what another function exactly does and the pressures they are dealing with. This can create a lack of willingness to find common goals and collaborate. Or worse; create a hostile and unproductive environment.
A great way to create cross functional understanding is to create an informal environment in a game. Swap functional responsibilities in games like ‘the Beer game’, or a more advanced simulation like ‘The Fresh Connection’ and increase understanding between functions. On top of this make it a habit to ask; ‘did you cross a silo lately?’ or ‘who is your functional customer?’ and hold each other to account.
5. Lead by example
In Leading Change, John P Kotter noted; ‘Most of the executives I have known in successful cases of major change learn to “walk the talk.” They consciously attempt to become a living symbol of the new corporate culture’,
There is no doubt that the most senior leaders have the most impact to integrate S&OP in the business culture. They have to be energized in S&OP meetings, disciplined, share the bigger vision, cross silos pro-actively, hold people to account and display the right values and behaviours. A passionate S&OP manager will not hold back to have conversations with the most senior leaders to explain this role to them over and over again. It is almost impossible to create a new culture without a critical mass of senior leaders that are supportive. An S&OP manager can use the S&OP leadership quadrant to manage and track senior stakeholder engagement.
6. Set common goals and track achievements
In my S&OP pulse check 2012, only 42% of respondents indicated that their business had a common cross functional goal in improving S&OP. Only 35% had clearly defined what level of S&OP maturity they wanted to achieve. Without goals and targets we don’t know where we’re going and S&OP will be just a little layer on top of business as usual.
So set goals for your S&OP process maturity and integrate them in performance conversations. There are many S&OP process scoring methodologies available on the internet. But also have goals and targets for your system capability. Last but not least, have goals and targets for your company culture. There are many models to measure or create awareness in company behaviours, culture or communication styles. Review and update your goals and targets at least yearly.
S&OP is going to be a long journey. So plan your communication along the way and make a conscious attempt to show people how the S&OP process and behaviours have helped improved visibility and company performance. Team up with HR and provide monthly S&OP key messages as output of the executive S&OP meeting, conduct S&OP roadshows, S&OP roundtables or S&OP toolbox meetings. Most important, share your S&OP wins on service levels, working capital, asset utilization, projected cash flows or earnings accuracy or any measure that’s important for your business and can be related to S&OP. You can start with below communication model, that I described in my Foresight article An S&OP communication plan: The Final Step in Support of Company Strategy.
If you implement S&OP across border, be careful for local cultural aspects. You can change a company culture, but not the culture of a country. Otherwise, start influencing and working on these steps with a long term mindset. Read my Journal of Business Forecasting article Global S&OP: Leadership, Change Management, Behaviour & Cross-Cultural Differences.
Entrenching S&OP in your business culture takes time, results come slow and might not be visible for many. You know you’re on the right track and you’ll be rewarded when a significant business event happens or new senior leaders come in the business and you hear people say; ‘S&OP is the way we work around here’.
Image credit: https://www.torbenrick.eu